Visiting Professors and Visiting Researchers As part of our efforts to intensify scientific exchange with our international partners at all levels, the University or Parma fosters the presence of scholars of the highest repute (affiliated with non-Italian universities or other institutions) at our University, for both short-term and long-term periods. Such exchanges may take part within the framework of our Visiting Professors Programme, under specific projects or initiatives aimed at strengthening our University’s international dimension, or upon request by our Departments or Centres. Between 30 to 50 Visiting Professors from all over the world are usually invited each year to hold courses, give lectures, modules or seminars at our Degree Courses at Bachelor, Master and/or PhD level, or to carry out research activities together with our academic staff or students. The annual call for the recruitment of Visiting Professors is open to the University Departments, which identify the list of Visiting Professors to be submitted for evaluation by the University Commission for admission to funding. Visiting Researchers may propose their research project to the relevant University Department in order to set up their research plan together with the Parma researcher/research team.